The Nyae Nyae
Conservancy, the first registered conservancy of Namibia, is
named after one of the pans in this temporary wetland, which
is the eastern edge of the Kalahari Basin. The centre of the
area is inhabited by the Ju/'hoan San.
We started at Muramba Bushman Trails
where we learned how the San used to survive as
Crossing 100 km on the tracks of Elephants we explored
this area where a new lifestyle
is being practised by the inhabitants,
for example gardening, subsistence
livestock-farming and tourism. This is already starting
to replace their traditional lifestyle.
With a great diversity
of wildlife and a shortage of water resources we saw examples
of human-wildlife conflicts. The
elephants are a big problem for the local people: they topple
water tanks, dig up pipes, ruin gardens and can be dangerous
for those who come too close. At the same time they play a key
role in nature as they provide dead wood and spread seeds with their dung.
The Kalahari teach us
to handle precious resources like water with care.
During the hike we
had only 2 litres
of water per day -
for washing, brushing teeth, cooking and cleaning
eating utensils. Just like the Bushmen in
who often had
to survive on only one ostrich egg
filled with water
per day - that is about 1.5 litres.